the pious hermit,
This knowledge is the most secret knowledge-secret
it is meant for only men of the required spiritual preparedness.
There are series of questions, answering to which
Sri Krishn has made Bhagavad Gita a celestial song
throughout the globe.
This scripture has become as eternal as God himself.
Normally we do not know about this series of questions at a time.
probably knowing most of them at a glance,will certainly give
an impression about what Bhagavad Gita
really conveys to entire mankind.
By the time Gita came to conclusion,
all the questions raised by Arjun were answered,
at that juncture the Lord Himself raised the questions
Arjun could not muster up and were in his benefit
clarified the same.
At the end of it all,Sri Krishn askd Arjun if has understood
and assimilated his words.He asks:
“Have you, O Parth, listened intently
to my words
O Dhananjay, is your delusion born out of ignorance dispelled?”
naṣṭo mohaḥ smṛtirlabdhā tvatprasādānmayā’cyuta
sthito’smi gatasaṁdehaḥ kariṣye vacanaṁ tava
“Since my ignorance has been dispelled by your grace,
I have recovered discernment,
I am free from doubt
shall follow your precept.”
Because of Your grace,
my passion is destroyed,
I have regained my memory,
I am consistent,
being bereft of doubts and am ever ready
to obey Your orders.”
Whereas, Arjun was perplexed at the time of reviewing both the armies,
to find his kith and kin therein.
How can we be happy after annihilation of our own relatives?
Family tradition will be destroyed because of such a war,
there will be scarcity of obsequial offerings like rice cakes and so on
the departed ancestors,
hybridization or mongrelization of castes takes place.
We, being wise,yet are ready to commit sin.
Why do we not find a way out of committing these sins?
Let the armed Kaurava kill me, an unarmed man, in the war
that death is glorious.
Govinda, I am not going to wage war.”
Saying thus he sat down at the back of the chariot.
Thus in the Gita, Arjun, in fact, put forward
in front of Yogeshwar Krishn
series of big and small questions:
Like in chapter 2 verse 7 :
“Please will You tell me that practice of worship through which
I can attain to the Absolute good.”
In chapter 2 verse 54 :
“What are the attributes of an enlightened sage?”
In verse 1 of chapter 3 :
“If in your view the way of knowledge is superior,
then why do you compel me to do these terrible actions?”
In verse 36 of chapter 3 :
“Even without wishing,
under whose guidance does a man commit sin?”
In verse 4 of chapter 4 :
“Your birth is of recent times,
whereas the Sun was born a long time back,
then how can I believe that You taught yog to the Sun
in the far distant past,
in the beginning of this kalp?”
In verse 1 of chapter 5 :
“Sometimes You praise renunciation,
the way of knowledge, and yet other times
you support the Way of Selfless Action.
Please tell me one out of these which is final,
by which I can attain to the Absolute good.”
In verse 35 of chapter 6 :
“The Mind is very fickle.
With slack efforts,what would be his lot?”
In verses 1 and 2 of chapter 8 :
“Govinda, who is that Supreme Being,
whom You have described?
What is Adhyatm?
What are Lords of gods and Lord of being?
Who is the Lord of sacrifice in this body?
What is that action?
How do You come to be known at the end time?”
Thus he put forward seven questions.
In verse 17 of chapter 10 :
Arjun has evinced curiosity,asking,
“While meditating incessantly,
through what feelings (emotions) do I call you to mind,
to remember you?”
In verse 4 of chapter 11 :
he prayed and submitted,
“I long to see the splendours that have been described by You.”
In verse 1 of chapter 12 :
“Who is the superior possessor of Yoga among the devotees
who worship you well through unvacillating attentiveness
those who worship the imperishable unmanifest Supreme Being?”
In verse 21 of chapter 14 :
“A man who has surpassed the three natural modes
liberated of character
how can a man surpass these three modes?”
In verse 1 of chapter 17 :
“What would be the fate of a person who engages in yagya
with dedication but does not follow the procedure
as laid down by the scriptures?”
And in verse 1 of chapter 18 :
“O” mighty armed!
I yearn to learn separately and individually everything
the nature of relinquishment and renunciation.”
Thus,throughout the Gita,Arjun continued to put forward queries
(The esoteric secrets which could not be asked by him were revealed
by the Lord Himself.) As soon as his doubts were dispelled
he was freed from asking questions and said,
” Govinda! Now I am ever ready to obey your instructions.”
In truth the questions raised were for the benefit of all mankind
not just for Arjun alone.
Without having these questions answered,
no seeker can progress forward on the path
the highest good
attain eternal peace
Therefore, to enable a man to obey an really enlightened guru
to progress on the path of the highest good,
it is necessary, that one should learn the complete teachings
Arjun was convinced and satisfied
all his questions had been answered and
his doubts allayed.
In Chapter 11,after having revealed his cosmic form,
Sri Krishn said in the fifty-fourth verse:
a worshiper can directly know this form of mine,
acquire its essence,
even become one with it
And just now he has asked him whether he is rid of his delusion.
Arjun replies that his ignorance is allayed
that his understanding is restored.
Now he will act at Sri Krishn’s behest.
Arjun’s liberation should come along with this realization.
He has indeed become whatever he had to be.
But scripture is meant for posterity
for all of us
to avail ourselves of.
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