atha kena prayukto’yam pāpam carati pūruṣaḥ,
anicchann api vārṣṣeya balād iva niyojitaḥ (3.36)
[3.36] : Arjun said, “What, O Varshneya (Krishn), is that which drives man, forced against his will as it were and with reluctance, to act impiously?”
Why does a man, although like one who is dragged to something which he despises, act in sinful ways? Why does he not conduct himself according to the precepts laid down by Sri Krishn?
śrībhagavān uvāca :
kāma eṣa krodha eṣa rajoguṇasamudbhavaḥ,
mahāśano mahāpāmā viddhy enamiha vairiṇam (3.37)
[3.37] : The Lord said,”Know that desire arising out of the emotional property of nature (rajas) and insatiable as fire is the same as wrath; and learn to recognize it as your most wicked enemy in this world.”
Desire and wrath that spring from the natural property of passion have an insatiable appetite for sensual pleasure and are the most sinful. Desire and wrath are the complements of attachment and repugnance. So Arjun is warned that he must regard them as his most dangerous enemies.
dhūmenā’vriyate vahnir yathā’darśo malena ca,
yatho’lbenā’vṛto garbhas tathā tene’dam āvṛtam (3.38)
[3.38]:”As fire is enveloped by smoke, a mirror clouded with dust, and a foetus hidden by the womb, even so knowledge is engulfed by desire.”
Discrimination is obscured by the mantle of desire and wrath. If we burn damp wood, there is only smoke. There is fire, but it cannot leap into flame. A dust-covered mirror cannot give a clear image. Just so, when there exist the perversions known as desire and wrath, the mind cannot have a clear perception of God.
āvṛtam jñānam etena jñānino nityavairiṇā,
kāmarūpeṇa kaunteya duṣpūreṇā’nalena ca (3.39)
[3.39] :”And, O son of Kunti, even wise men’s discrimination is engulfed by desire, insatiable like fire and their perpetual enemy “
So far Sri Krishn has named two enemies, desire and wrath, but in the thirty-ninth verse he mentions only one of them, namely, desire. In truth, the feeling of anger lies within desire. When a task is successfully completed anger subsides, but when desire is obstructed anger reappears.
So anger resides at the heart of desire. It is important to know where the enemy hides, for knowing this will facilitate a total destruction of the enemy.
indriyāṇi mano buddhir asyā’dhiṣṭhānam ucyate,
etair vimohayaty eṣa jñānam āvṛtya dehinam (3.40)
[3.40]:”Since the senses, mind, and intellect are the seats of desire, it is through them that it deludes a being by clouding-his faculty of discrimination.”
So we have the answer. Our worst foe dwells within our own senses, mind, and intellect. It is through them that desire envelops knowledge and deludes the embodied Soul.
[As expounded by most revered Gurudev Swami Adgadanand Jee Paramhans]
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