The four essential requirements of the evolutionary discipline
which a man can achieve spiritual perfection or transcendence
(of which human life is the means)
indicated by the terms:
“matkarmah,” “matparmah,” “sangvarjitah,”
Sri Krishn has preached in Bhagwad Geeta:
“My four-armed form which you have seen is beyond knowing
by either study of the Ved
by penance or by charity,
not even by munificence or performance of yagya.”
The one way by which he may be perceived is disclosed
in the following verse:
bhaktyā tvananyayā śakya ahamevamvidho’rjuna
jñātum drastum ca tatvena pravestum ca parantapa
“O Arjun, a man of great penance,
a worshipper can know this form of mine directly,
acquire its essence,
even become one with it
a total and unswerving dedication.”
The one way to attain to Supreme Spirit is perfect intentness,
the state in which a worshipper remembers
nothing besides the adored goal.
Even knowledge is finally transformed into total devotion.
Sri Krishn said that no one besides Arjun had seen him before
and no one would ever see him in the future.
But he now reveals that by such single minded devotion
worshippers can not only see him,
but also realize him directly
and become one with him.
So Arjun is the name of such a wholly dedicated worshipper:
the name of a state of mind and heart rather than of a person.
All-absorbing love itself is Arjun.
matkarmakrnmatparamo madbhaktah sangavarjitah
nirvairah sarvabhūtesu yah sa māmeti pāndava
“This man, O Arjun, who acts only for my sake (matkarmah),
rests on and is dedicated to me alone (matparmah),
in complete detachment (sangvarjitah)
freedom from malice towards all beings
knows and attains to me.’’
“Matkarmah” means performance of the ordained act-the act of yagya.
“Matparmah” is the necessity of the worshipper’s
taking refuge in Sri Krishn
of complete devotion to him.
The required action is impossible to accomplish
without total disinterestedness in worldly objects
the fruits of action
The last but not the least requirement
absence of malice or ill-will towards all beings.
Only a worshipper fulfilling these four conditions can attain to Sri Krishn.
Metaphysical vision is that if the four ways
urged by the last verse are observed,
the resulting state is one in which external war and physical bloodshed
simply out of the question.
When we have sacrificed ourselves through yagya,
remember only God and no one else,
completely detached from both nature and the rewards of our action,
when there is no malignity in us towards any being,
with whom and for what shall we fight?
The four observances lead a worshipper to the stage
he stands entirely alone.
Hence for understanding of true seekers
struggling for self accomplishment and eternal peace,
it looks that the war waged by Arjun in the Geeta
against fearful enemies
attachment and repulsion,
infatuation and malice,
desire and anger,
that rise up in the way of the worshipper
when he engages in the task of single-minded contemplation
after having achieved an attitude of detachment
to worldly objects
as well as
~Revered Gurudev Swami Adgadanand Jee Paramhans~